Bridging the Energy Gap: Demand Scenarios for
Mini-Grids in Myanmar
Myanmar’s future growth and prosperity depends on reliable, affordable and high-quality access to electricity throughout the country. More than two-thirds of the country’s 55 million people lack access to reliable electricity, many of them live in rural villages. Currently, more than 30,000 rural villages across Myanmar are not connected to the national grid. Even if the expansion of the grid through Myanmar’s National Electrification Plan goes according to plan, many would still remain under-electrified for many years to come. However, such plans across the developing world have, all too often, underperformed. In an attempt to bridge this gap and to provide insights into current and potential future energy uses and related demand and supply side challenges, Pact Myanmar commissioned TFE Consulting in October 2017 to conduct a survey of 50 villages in Myanmar’s Dry Zone (44 of them non-grid connected, NGC). The work encompassed an assessment of current energy demand, and the outlining of scenarios of future energy use.
Insights from the report
Dr. Tobias Engelmeier, Founder and Managing Director, TFE Consulting GmbH (LinkedIn)
Mr. Mohit Anand, Director of Consulting, TFE Consulting GmbH (LinkedIn)
Dr. Sam Duby, Director of Africa and Energy Access, TFE Consulting GmbH (LinkedIn)
Mr. Nabin Gaihre, Consultant, TFE Consulting GmbH (LinkedIn)
Mr. Andre Perez, Consultant, TFE Consulting GmbH (LinkedIn)
Ms. Francesca Marasca, Consultant, TFE Consulting GmbH (LinkedIn)
Pact has worked extensively in 11 States and Divisions, and remains one of the longest-serving and largest integrated development organizations in Myanmar. In our 20 year history in Myanmar, we have focused on community development through adaptive integration of microfinance, rural electrification, livelihoods; economic empowerment; health; water, sanitation & hygiene; and agriculture. With MOUs with several Government Ministries, we have worked with a variety of funders, including foundations, corporations, and governments, implementing projects ranging from $60,000 to $70 million. With financial support from Chevron, ABB, and Shell, and investing its own incubation funds, Pact has rolled out Myanmar’s first community energy financing vehicle, the Ahlin Yaung Revolving Capital Fund for Energy, which enabled the purchase of quality affordable SHS solutions to 185,000 homes. In 2016, Pact’s Myanmar launched its first energy-focused strategy to enable electricity access in rural communities through minigrids, in collaboration with donors, investors, the private sector, MFIs and other stakeholders. In early 2018, Pact was awarded a grant from The Rockefeller Foundation to establish and manage the Smart Power Myanmar, which aims to connect 10 million rural people to reliable electricity in the next several years.
DRI is a socioeconomic development consulting firm based in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. DRI is engaged in consulting, research, training and development solutions through project implementation in three areas: (i) village and township development planning and building capacity for community driven implementation of development schemes; (ii) rural micro and small enterprises development; and (c) facilitating rural producers gain access to energy, markets for goods and services, financial services, and technology and technical services.